Objectives and outset
The Nuovo soggettario project is edited by the National Central Library of Florence (BNCF). It is being developed in collaboration with the Italian National Bibliography (Bibliografia Nazionale Italiana, BNI), the BNCF’s Data Processing Services and the Department of Research and Development of Semantic Indexing Tools (settore Ricerche e strumenti di indicizzazione semantica) that manages the general coordination and development. The project has evolved with the aim of renewing the preceding subject indexing tool Soggettario per i cataloghi delle biblioteche italiane, edited by the BNCF in 1956 and used by the majority of Italian libraries. The objective was to completely revise the Soggettario in order to create a new tool that would:
The Feasibility study
The Feasibility study was commissioned by the BNCF to a group of consultants, coordinated by Luigi Crocetti, who were involved in the GRIS - Gruppo di ricerca sull'indicizzazione per soggetto (Research Group on Subject Indexing of the Italian Library Association). The results of the study reflected the findings of both the Italian team and foreign experts who gave advice. In 2002 the Study concluded with a preliminary plan for the development of the new system and an estimate of the economic and human resources required. It was published as Per un nuovo Soggettario. Studio di fattibilità sul rinnovamento del Soggettario per i cataloghi delle biblioteche italiane, Milano, Editrice Bibliografica, 2002.
The Nuovo soggettario features
The Nuovo soggettario has been developed in compliance with International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions recommendations and other international standards in the field of subject indexing. It has taken into account the ISO standards for document analysis and for vocabulary control, as well as the most recent standards produced in this field (see criteria for standards and rules).
The Nuovo soggettario features are
The prototypal phase of the Nuovo soggettario
From November 2004 to December 2006, a working group, composed of BNCF librarians and external collaborators, completed the first two fundamental components of the language: the rules for vocabulary control and syntax (published in a printed volume), and the prototype of the Thesaurus, which consisted of 13,000 terms and was available on the web. The Prototype of the Nuovo soggettario was presented during a national seminar held in Florence (at the Palazzo Vecchio’s Salone dei Cinquecento) on February 8, 2007.
Nuovo soggettario products and services
In the last years, the Thesaurus is interoperable with other tools and Web services by SKOS/RDF standard (http://thes.bncf.firenze.sbn.it/thes-dati.htm). For more informations, see: G.Bergamin, A. Lucarelli, Il Nuovo soggettario come servizio per il mondo dei linked data http://leo.cilea.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/5474/7904.
There are many links between Nuovo soggettario and Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), Répertoire d'autorité-matière encyclopédique et alphabétique unifié (RAMEAU), Gemeinsame Normdatei (GND), Lista de encabezamientos de materia para las bibliotecas públicas (LEM).
For more information, see News
For further information on the history of the project see Biblioteca nazionale centrale di Firenze, Nuovo soggettario. Guida al sistema italiano di indicizzazione per soggetto. Prototipo del Thesaurus. Milano, Editrice Bibliografica, ©2006 (stampa 2007), Introduzione e Parte I.